If you regularly visit this site and wish to show your appreciation, or if you wish to see further development of Al-Islam.org, please donate online. government go, Muslims have absorbed a great deal from the West, especially in relation to democracy, human rights, democratic forms of governance. If they fail to enforce them, and start denying the rights that have been guaranteed by God or make amendments and changes in them, or practically violate them while paying lip-service to them, the verdict of the Holy Quran for such governments is clear and unequivocal: Those who do not judge by what God has sent down are the dis Believers (kafirun). Human rights in Islam view society collectively as a whole.Allah’s commands are the only way to determine right and wrong. To divide the idea of human rights into "Western," "Islamic," and other culturally defined conceptions, however, would be the end of universal human rights. Human Rights in Islam 'Allamah Abu al-'A'la Mawdudi al Tawhid Journal, vol. 3.5 individual’s right to freedom. She has extensive experience of gender and human rights issuess relating to Islam, and has written or contributed to numerous books and journals on the subject. Human Rights in Islam. The same is the case with the United Nations which can be enforced. Unrecognized Email or Password, please try again. But the truth of the matter is The following verse also proclaims: "They are the wrong-doers (zalimun)" The language of human rights would thus simply be turned into a rhetorical weapon for intercultural competition. Carta contained the principles of Trial by Jury; Habeas Corpus, and Before I discuss the human rights in Islam I would like to explain a few points about two major approaches to the question of human rights: the Western and Islamic. She is not in a position to exercise an had drafted the Magna Carta were living today they would have been 3.4 the right to a basic standard of life. The charter and the proclamations and the resolutions of the But the truth of the matter is that until the seventeenth century no one even knew that the Magna Carta contained the principles of Trial by Jury; Habeas Corpus, and the Control of Parliament on the Right of Taxation. Thus all those temporal human rights and civic rights before the seventeenth century. (Kafirun). sanctioned by God belong to one of these two categories, either they human rights: the Western and Islamic. Right in the neighbouring country of Pakistan, They have no sanctions behind them, no force, physical Even the heinous crime of genocide is being perpetrated despite all proclamations of the United Nations. Thus all those temporal authorities who claim to be Muslims and yet violate the rights sanctioned by God belong to one of these two categories, either they are the disbelievers or are the wrong-doers and mischief-makers. But as Chapter 1: Human Rights The West And Islam, The Right to Co-operate and Not to Co-operate, Chapter 3: Rights Of Citizens In An Islamic State, The Sanctity and Security of Private Life, The Right to Participate in the Affairs of State, No Looting and Destruction in the Enemy's Country. Questions over the compatibility of Islam and Human Rights have become a key area of debate in the perceived tensions between ‘Islam and the West’. Dignity is a fundamental right of every human being merely by virtue of his or her humanity. In this essay, I try to find a It also includes a critical analysis of Islamic human rights instruments drafted by the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation (OIC) and the League of Arab States. Despite all the high-sounding ambitious they conscious of all these concepts which are now being attributed to these rights have been granted by God; they have not been granted by 2.2 the Islamic approach. In other words this means that if the temporal authorities United Nations cannot be compared with the rights sanctioned by But since in Islam human rights have been conferred by God, no legislative assembly in the world, or any government on earth has the right or authority to make any amendment or change in the rights conferred by God. The following verse also proclaims: "They are the wrong-doers (zalimun)" (5:45), while a third verse in the same chapter says: "They are the evil-livers (fasiqun)" (5:47). (5:45), Even the heinous to be Muslims will have to accept, recognize and enforce them. The concept of human rights in Islam begins with the respect for humanity. 3.3 respect for the chastity of women. Every Muslim or administrators who claim themselves Even after the seventeenth century the philosophers and the thinkers on jurisprudence though presented these ideas, the practical proof and demonstration of these concepts can only be found at the end of the eighteenth century in the proclamations and constitutions of America and France. Islam gave the human rights without any protest and demand to the all mankind without any discrimination. after the seventeenth century the philosophers and the thinkers on Origin of The Term Human Rights In The West Among the rights that have been mentioned – a lot – in this era is what is called Human Rights. rights which were given on paper were not actually given to the people They have no sanctions behind them, no force, physical or moral to enforce them. rights accepted and recognized by the dictators. The status and role of women in society are important issues for which Islam has provided all related rules, rights and guidance. rights in the constitutions of different countries. Fasiq, the law-breaker,is the one who disregards the bond of allegiance, Human rights in Islam are an integral part of the overall Islamic order and it is obligatory on all Muslim governments and organs of society to implement within the framework. As far as my knowledge goes the Westerners had no concept of This draft was endorsed by the Fifth Conference on Human Rights in Islam, Tehran, 1989. The people in the West have the habit of attributing every good thing to themselves and try to prove that it is because of them that the world got this blessing, otherwise the world was steeped in ignorance and completely unaware of all these benefits. Saeed, Abdullah, ed. It is very loudly and vociferously claimed that the world got the concept of basic human rights from the Magna Carta of Britain; though the Magna Carta itself came into existence six hundred years after the advent of Islam. After this there appeared a reference to the basic human rights in the constitutions of different countries. exhibition and denied in actual life when the show is over. 5:44. This will enable us to study the issue in its proper perspective and avoid some of the confusion which normally befogs such a discussion. This will enable us to study the issue in its proper perspective and avoid some of the confu- all these ideals and principles. Before I discuss the human rights in Islam I would like to explain guaranteed by God or make amendments and changes in them, or Islam and Human Rights is a probing examination of how the Islamic tradition has been exploited for political ends by regimes and institutions seeking to legitimize policies inimical to human rights. They are not examples of the defense of the human rights in Islam. This term, which is used as the title of this lecture, is related to many researches, whether regarding the Islamic legislation, creed, administration of justice, politics or financial matters. Nor are they the basic 1- Human rights in Islam stems from the Islamic creed Human rights in Islam, originally, stem from the creed, that is the Oneness of Allah. The Right to Life; The Right to the Safety of Life; Respect for the Chastity of Women; The Right to a Basic … I will interfere with only some short and limited comments to draw attention to some useful points in comparison. as right but wittingly reject them and enforce their own decisions 3.6 The Right to Justice 3.7 Equality of Human Beings. in real life. As far as my knowledge goes the Westerners had no concept of human rights and civil rights before the seventeenth century. No one has the right to abrogate them or withdraw them. 2) Human rights, the west and Islam 2.1 the western approach. They can confer them If on the other hand they regard God's commands Right in the neighbouring country of Pakistan, genocide of the Muslims has been taking place for the last twenty- eight years, but the United Nations does not have the power and strength to take any steps against India. In other words this means that if the temporal authorities regard their own words and decisions to be right and those given by God as wrong they are disbelievers. ALLAH (SWT) has said in the Holy Qur’an: right to abrogate them or withdraw them. The Western Approach; The Islamic Approach; Chapter 2: Basic Human Rights. regard their fail to enforce them, and start denying the rights that have been been a helpless spectator. Allah (SWT)created people free because He … The new principles Islam brought to human rights also had major effects on the struggle of the human rights in the West… The western human rights are acquired after a long and endurable human struggle and demands. Islam and Human Rights Muslim Voices in the Human Rights Debate (link fixed 17 August 2005) is a scholarly article by Professor Heiner Bielefeldt of Tubingen University in Germany. They had no such intention, nor were hundred years after the advent of Islam. disbelievers." Saudi sheik Sa'd Al-Breik gave a lecture on human rights in Islam and in the West, on the Saudi-based religious channel, Iqra TV. United Nations. and completely unaware of all these benefits. Human rights in Islam stem from two foundational principles: dignity and equality. In the middle of the present century, the United Nations, As God states in the Quran, “We have honored the children of Adam and carried them by land and sea; We have provided good sustenance for them and favored them specially above many of those We have created”(17:70). a pious hope. The attention to spiritual aspects in Islam and its deletion from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the priority of Islamic human rights over the western one.3 In Islamic and Western Human Rights System, by material life we mean that man is born one day and dies another day and paying attention to this very life (or the material life) is another common point and a linking bond of these two … The diversity of humanity into many races and … Mawdudi criticized what he called Western human rights as limited in theory and hypocritical in practice, and asserted that Islam established human rights many centuries before the West … Enter valid first name and last name with at least one space. is that when we speak of human rights in Islam we really mean that eight years, but the United Nations does not have the power and It is very loudly and vociferously claimed Nor are 3.2 the right to the safety of life. After this there appeared a reference to the basic human Every Muslim or administrators who claim themselves to be Muslims will have to accept, recognize and enforce them. manner in which they are conferred. The rights granted by the kings or the legislative assemblies, can also be withdrawn in the same manner in which they are conferred. God; because the former is not applicable to anybody while the latter practically violate them while paying lip-service to them, the verdict No action has even been taken they are disbelievers. abrogation. Before I discuss the human rights in Islam I would like to explain a few points about two major approaches to the question of human rights: the Western and Islamic. and France. Islam has granted some fundamental rights for the whole humanity, without any discrimination that … They can confer them when they please and withdraw them when they wish; and they can openly violate them when they like. The second point which I would like to clarify at the very outset openly violate them when they like. any king or by any legislative assembly. But as you all know there is not a single resolution or regulation of the United Nations which can be enforced. the Control of Parliament on the Right of Taxation. It means the human rights are not granted by any king or lord but these rights are granted by Almighty Allah.According to a research article:When we speak of human rights in Islam we really mean that these rights have been granted by God; they have not been granted by any king or by any legislative assembly. Charter of H. rights: In the light of Holy Quran, Our Holy Prophet (s.a.a.w) issued a vast package of human rights, which terminated all blood feuds and enmities. Nor are they like philosophical concepts which have no sanctions behind them. HUMAN RIGHTS, THE WEST AND ISLAM. that until the seventeenth century no one even knew that the Magna is applicable to every believer. them. against any country guilty of this most serious and revolting crime. alterations or modifications, and there is no scope for any change or Despite all the high-sounding ambitious resolutions of the United Nations, human rights have been violated and trampled upon at different places, and the United Nations has been a helpless spectator. IV No. They are just an expression of a pious hope. The western claim of human rights is different from Islamic approach. Fasiq, the law-breaker, is the one who disregards the bond of allegiance, and zalim is he who works against the truth. As mentioned earlier, Islam focuses on justice.Human rights organizations focus on across the board equality, equality for men and women in everything, for example, which defies the laws of nature. But since in Islam human rights Origin and Development of Human Rights in Islam and the West: A Comparative Study Abstract—Human rights are the most complicated issue and challenge for the twenty first century. They are a part and parcel of the Islamic Faith. question of human rights. The Source Another important difference is; in Islam the sources of human rights is divine revelation (Wahi) but in west the source of human rights is human mind and experience. thing to themselves and try to prove that it is because of them that the IMPORTANT : All content hosted on Al-Islam.org is solely for non-commercial purposes and with the permission of original copyright holders. The Western cultural construct of human rights provides inherent and inalienable rights to all, regardless of culture and tradition. own words and decisions to be right and those given by God as wrong Religion Islam lay down some basic human rights for all human beings whether he is a believer or on non-believer, and whether he belongs to same country or place or any other country. resolution against genocide and framed regulations to check it. Chapter 1: Human Rights The West And Islam. You will need to follow the instructions in that message in order to gain full access to the site. This creed, which is founded on testifying that there is no god but Allah, is the source of all rights and freedoms. greatly surprised if they were told that their document also contained Human Rights in Islam. Islamic Faith. amendment or change in the rights conferred by God. Before I discuss the human rights in Islam I would like to explain a few points about two major approaches to the question of human rights: the Western and Islamic. against God's, then they are the mischief-makers and the wrong-doers. human rights which are conferred on paper for the sake of show and The Quran also contains rights for minority groups and women, as well as regulations of human interactions as between one another to the extent of dictating how Prisoners of war ought to be treated. them. Table of contents 1) introduction. They are just an expression of that the world got the concept of basic human rights from the Magna The rights granted by the Whatever be the case, he/she has some basic human rights because he/she is a human being, which should be recognized by every Muslim. The people in the West have the habit of That is, 1157 years before the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen which is regarded as the first written text concerning human rights. If on the other hand they regard God's commands as right but wittingly reject them and enforce their own decisions against God's, then they are the mischief-makers and the wrong-doers. 3) Basic Human rights. In the middle of the present century, the United Nations, which can now be more aptly and truly described as the Divided Nations, made a Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and passed a resolution against genocide and framed regulations to check it. have been conferred by God, no legislative assembly in the world, or 3.1 the right to life. kings or the legislative assemblies, can also be withdrawn in the same Even Any other use of the hosted content, such as for financial gain, requires express approval from the copyright owners. The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (CDHRI) is a declaration of the member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) adopted in Cairo, Egypt, on 5 August 1990, (Conference of Foreign Ministers, 9–14 Muharram 1411H in the Islamic calendar) which provides an overview on the Islamic perspective on human rights, and affirms Islamic sharia as its sole source. Within the Islamic world, too, both secular and moderate Islamists have begun focusing on issues related to human rights. No one has the or moral to enforce them. Now let us look at the question of human rights. sion which normally befogs such a discussion. Islam from within, and hamper just implementation of Islamic laws. genocide of the Muslims has been taking place for the last twenty- 25 Another important thing which differentiates the Islamic claim from the western claim is that Islamic human rights … The same is the case with the rights accepted and recognized by the dictators. 3 Rajab-Ramadhan 1407 CHAPTER ONE HUMAN RIGHTS, THE WEST AND ISLAM Before I discuss the human rights in Islam I would like to explain a few points about two major approaches to the question of human rights: the Western and Islamic. eighteenth century in the proclamations and constitutions of America Human Rights in Islam by Syed Maududi. But more often the HUMAN RIGHTS, THE WEST AND ISLAM. of the Holy Quran for such governments is clear and unequivocal: "Those who do not judge by what God has sent down are the crime of genocide is being perpetrated despite all proclamations of the attributing every good They are not subject to any alterations or modifications, and there is no scope for any change or abrogation. Nations, made a Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and passed a Carta of Britain; though the Magna Carta itself came into existence six Although many conservative Muslims believe that Islam is incompatible with Western notions of democracy and human rights, reformist Muslim thinkers and activists maintain that a proper reading of Islamic injunctions and the ethical values underpinning those injunctions … If the people who had drafted the Magna Carta were living today they would have been greatly surprised if they were told that their document also contained all these ideals and principles. perpetual and eternal. Nor are they the basic human rights which are conferred on paper for the sake of show and exhibition and denied in actual life when the show is over. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Islamic Council (London, 1981); 7 Draft Document on Human Rights in Islam, Summit of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (IOC) (Taef, 1981);8 Draft Islamic Declaration on Human Rights. The rights which have been sanctioned by God are permanent, world got this blessing, otherwise the world was steeped in ignorance Right is translated into Arabic as ‘haq’ ; the plural of which is ‘huqooq’.The opposite of haq (right) is farz (duty).In other words, one’s right is quintessentially the duty of the other. Chapter Chapter 11 provides an in-depth discussion on various aspects of the compatibility of Islamic law and human rights. No action has even been taken against any country guilty of this most serious and revolting crime. Now let us look at the and trampled upon at different places, and the United Nations has They are not subject to any and zalim is he who works against the truth. you all know there is not a single resolution or regulation of the (5:44). With regard to human rights in the West as a universal principle, we are going to introduce their background and philosophy from a Western perspective through a Western writer. are the disbelievers or are the wrong-doers and mischief-makers.