As the symbolic language of the temple cultus continues to be used for Christ and for the heavenly temple of his eternal ministry, we know that our understanding is being drawn from earthly things to heavenly, from the creature to the Creator.31 In keeping with the dispensationalist’s commitment to a consistent hermeneutic, Hays 40 suggested that the proper approach must meet five criteria: By approaching Scripture with a consistent, common sense hermeneutic, it discovers truths “profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, and for instruction in righteousness” (2 Tim 3:16). Paul managed to say this quite clearly here: "perdition of the heavens and the earth,", “tongues shall then cease, and prophecies shall be abolished,”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Old Testament (I. Christ as Fulfilment of). Poor Paul had great difficulty finding the right words to say what he wanted to say. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Matthew 7:6; David Guzik :: Génesis 3 – La tentación y caída del hombre; Recently Popular Media. Home > Study Desk. In some weird and wonderful way, theologians say keeping the law annuls it. The Sabbath was the sign of the Old Covenant (as circumcision was the sign of the Abrahamic Covenant and the rainbow was the sign of the Noahic Covenant), and thus strict Sabbath-keeping does not have the same meaning for those who are now under the New Covenant. ), is simply arguing that the overarching principles and purposes of the corpus as a whole, as well as the underlying principles and purposes of each individual law (of whatever category), are more important (“weightier”) than the minor verbal details in the wording of specific regulations and the accompanying minutiae of oral traditions.26 If the Sabbath did exist, then it is more than passing strange that, although we find accounts of the religious life and worship of the patriarchs, in which accounts mention is specifically made to the rite of circumcision, the sacrifices, the offering of the tithe, and the institution of marriage, we should find no mention of the great institution of the Sabbath.19 Ph.D. Temptation of Jesus • Part 1 012. The second passage, Romans 14:5, indicates that the keeping of Sabbath is a matter of personal conscience for the believers at Rome, not a legal requirement8 : “One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. It is used of muzzling the ox (1 Timothy 5:18), and is addressed by Christ to the demon (Mark 1:25), and to the raging sea (Mark 4:39). Jesus will not recognise the Christian church of our time. This is particularly troubling since it contradicts New Testament use of the Old. They shall, Our Lord proceeds to show that, so far from destroying or dishonouring the law, he would magnify it even beyond their Pharisaic teachers, who divided its precepts into the weightier and lighter classes, the former of which must be kept, while the latter might be slighted. Silly quarrels. In Leviticus, for example, the Lord repeatedly commanded His people to “be holy; for I am holy” (Lev 11:44–45; 19:2; 20:7, 26). Paul said: ), so long as one does not deny the gospel by his practice (see Galatians 2:11-14f.). Furthermore, if the Sabbath did begin in Eden, why is it not even mentioned again until Exodus 16? The tripartite division proves theologically useful to some since it suggests how the law can be both abrogated and binding at the same time. You do? This is an expression unique to Matthew’s gospel. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Similarly, Sabbath law did not govern those outside of Israel, but it did govern all within it, even resident aliens. In Deuteronomy 5:15, it is seen as an opportunity for remembering that the Lord had delivered them from slavery in Egypt. If it is true of an ox, how much more is it true of a man of God! And not knowing where to use addition and where to use multiplication is a close second. A huge, new Temple will be built (40–44), a Temple far greater and glorious than that built by Zerubbabel (cf. In Israel, keeping the Sabbath was more than an act of worship; it was a manifestation of loyalty. Matthew 5:38-48 is part of a larger section (vv. Rev 22:18–19). If the Sabbath, a peculiarly Israelite institution, has a future, then Israel must also have a future.30 Fourth, on the Sabbath, the people are to worship (46:3). In Jesus’ view, nothing will abrogate Scripture. Indeed, Paul both refused and forbade circumcision when it symbolized a person placing themselves under law (Galatians 2:1-10; 5:1-6f.). The conclusion is inescapable. Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament, Calvary Bible College Abolition of the Mosaic Law 1 Pe 1:25, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law. In this case at least, its teachings are derived inductively from the text, not artificially imposed upon it. ; as the earth here is not the earth promised in, . The Bible seems to make it clear that observing a Jewish Sabbath is not required: 16 Therefore do not let anyone judge you with respect to food or drink, or in the matter of a feast, new moon, or Sabbath days 17 that are only the shadow of the things to come, but the reality is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17). It is the Lord who raises them, restores them, and puts his Spirit within them (37:1–14). Deuteronomy 25:4 was not given to the church at Corinth; indeed, the law did not even deal with the matter at issue. Jesus had a complete and thorough view of the inspiration of Scripture. It defines sin for us. The rest probably do refer to Lord’s Day worship, but none identify it as a Christian Sabbath or treat it as divinely mandated.13 The 36:21, 32; 39:25). It started to go wrong with the Church Fathers importing Greek philosophy into it. Second, each Sabbath, the prince is to offer sacrifices (45:15). How come you have not noticed it? Paul, for example, testified to “every man who becomes circumcised that he is a debtor to keep the whole law” (Gal 5:3). Despite this evidence, many Christians still call Sunday the Sabbath, the “Christian” Sabbath, and consider their worship a fulfillment of the fourth commandment. For if the ministry of Genesis 2 does report that God rested (or “ceased”); it does not command that man (in whole or in part) practice such a rest. That is the clearest understanding I have had on the Sabbath. When compared with the testimony of other Scripture, the abolition of the Sabbath brings three further facts to light: (1) that the church and Israel are distinct entities; (2) that the Mosaic code in its entirety has been abolished; and, (3) that the Jews have a future role in God’s plan. Two major Pauline passages prove this. The words “for truly” literally mean, And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write. (3-8) Concerning widows. The Greek word πιστευω occurs 98 times in the gospel of John and it is the only condition stated for salvation. But they were not for religious reasons. Romans 5:13 for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. Ezekiel 36-–46 creates problems for amillennialists, who try to explain it as figurative of the new covenant relationship that has existed since the resurrection of Christ. Distinction of Church and Israel The Tyndale Bible generally refers to the body of biblical translations by William Tyndale (c. 1494–1536).Tyndale's Bible is credited with being the first English translation to work directly from Hebrew and Greek texts. JODT 11:32 (March 2007) p. 82 Ephesians 5:18.. GOD Giving Us The Holy Spirit It boils down to “the law.” Paul is the champion of the lawless brigade. Enduring Word presents free Bible resources from David Guzik, including his written commentary on the Bible. SO legalism is wrong because legalism says so? 1 Co 15:24-25. | Powered by WordPress, For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished, Jesus contrasts His view of Scripture with that of religious leaders. If He called them gods, to whom the word of God came (and the Scripture cannot be broken), Jn 10:35, Chris, I am afraid you do not take notice of many extant, plain Scriptures in the New Testament. 39:28), reunify the two nations of Israel and Judah (37:21–22) under the authority of a Davidic king (37:24–25), and reestablish them in their land (36:8–12, 33). I have a well-developed BS detector and when most theologians speak, it’s going off almost all the time. There is no justification for “anything goes” in Christian living. Failure to keep it brings capital punishment Presumably, Jesus and the disciples saw the same scene: the approaching crowd of people. Mark 2:14 calls Matthew the son of Alphaeus. You don’t get Ph.ds and Th.ds by the sloppy way you treat Scripture. New Testament believers are also to manifest a difference even in the mundane matters of life: “whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God” (1 Cor 10:31). In Christ is realization. The Lord has promised a new order, but it has not come. Look at my Introduction to the gospel of John: https://versebyversecommentary.com/books/introduction-to-john/ Water to Wine and 1st Temple Cleansing • Part 2 017. In fact, the following seems to indicate the Sabbath will be celebrated in the New World: Isa 66:23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD. The, ,) the smallest letter in the Hebrew alphabet. Application of the Sabbath: Dispensationalism as Practical Sabbath observance is an excellent case for evaluating the usefulness of principlism. Wickedness in the World. One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Paul holds the corpus in such high esteem that his inner being delights in it. Certainly, that is how Warfield understood it: “I am to speak to you today, not of the usefulness or of the blessedness of the Sabbath, but of its obligation. Contrary to the teaching of the Confession, the sabbath as sign of God’s covenant is not binding on nonbelievers, simply because they are not recipients of the covenant-sign.17 The church is not bound by that law (Acts 10:9–16), but it is bound by the principle implicit in it. Trevor, it appears that you have not read my studies in this chapter. Your biggest problem is that you do not have the ability to exercise proper hermeneutics (but that is for scholars and too abstruse for you). Matthew was also a Jew, and that made his affinity with the Romans a traitorous act in the eyes of the Jews. This principle is often missed when people read Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5. Someone said that the closer one’s conclusion is to the raw data (for the Bible that means that which is clear as it stands there) the most likely one’s conclusion is to be right, and the more steps there are between the raw data and one’s conclusion the more likely one’s conclusion is to be wrong. "truly I say to you" (NASB) or "I tell you the truth" (NIV) indicates that what follows is extremely important. and he wrote them upon two tables of stone” (Deut 4:10, cf. They deserve the BSA after their names over and over. And I am to speak to you of its obligation, not as that obligation naturally arises out of its usefulness or blessedness, but as it is immediately imposed by God in his Word.”28 If the Sabbath—one of the Ten Commandments—is no longer binding, how can any part of the law still be in effect? In Exodus 20:11, Sabbath rest is seen as a reflection of the Lord’s own “rest” after completing creation. Therefore, whether we live or die, we are the Lord’s (Rom 14:5–8). Indeed, why should the first be binding on the church but not the second? In this new Temple, the Lord will dwell, and from it, He will reign forever among His people Israel (43:7). According to this reckoning, the ceremonial and civil portions of the law have been abrogated,22 but the moral law, and specifically the Ten Commandments, remains in effect. First, discover what the law meant to its original readers, how they understood it, and were supposed to respond to it (i.e. Covenant theology is guided by the principle of sola Scriptura. 2-4), prayer (vers. Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away. The Sabbath and Mankind. The alien had to observe the Sabbath while living in Israel for the same reason that an American motorist has to drive on the left while living in England—even though English traffic laws are not binding in the United States. Maybe another article will help you: church attendance. Consider Dorsey’s summary of Paul’s approach of Paul. Clowney’s explanation of Ezekiel’s Temple is a good example. 24 The Lord’s bond-servant must not be quarrelsome, but be kind to all, able to teach, patient when wronged, 25 with gentleness correcting those who are in opposition, if perhaps God may grant them repentance leading to the knowledge of the truth, 26 and they may come to their senses and escape from the snare of the devil, having been held captive [b]by him to do his will. If Ezekiel’s Temple refers figuratively to Christ, what is the interpreter to do with all the details associated with it? Traditional Approaches to Application In the New Testament, the legal requirement to keep Sabbath is abolished. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind.” Stifler remarked, “It is impossible to say that this general language does not include the Sabbath.”9 Colossians 2:16–17 apparently makes the same point, but exegetical issues render the matter less certain.10 Law is mandatory, not optional. and Theological Seminary Tons more resources, better tools, NIV84 and easier navigation. Isaiah, divine inspiration extends to the words, even the letters, in the original texts. Thus, Scripture negates the first possibility. The one who eats, eats for the Lord, because he gives thanks to God, and the one who abstains from eating, abstains for the Lord, and he gives thanks to God (Romans 14:5-6). 1 When human beings began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, 2 the sons of God saw that the daughters of humans were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. The Sabbath then is distinctively Israelite, the sign of its covenant relationship with the Lord. “Principlism” as an Approach to Application God’s law is ‘one strike and you’re out.’ Break one law and you’re as guilty as breaking them all. This, however, is a matter of New Testament law, not an application of the Fourth Commandment. Justification is never “subjected to certain conditions.” There is no evidence for that whatsoever in Scripture. 5-8, 9-15), fasting (vers. As already demonstrated, the church is not Israel. Scripture is clear: the Sabbath belongs to Israel. These chapters condition everything on the Lord, nothing on Israel. In both the Old and New Testaments, prophecy shows that the Sabbath law has a future. In this case, Judaisers were not demanding circumcision.). Clearly phrased statements make the theologian uncomfortable. Arguments from silence are often weak, but as Feinberg demonstrated, this silence is deafening: For example, the New Testament forbids stealing (Ephesians 4:28) and lying, since it requires us to speak the truth (Ephesians 4:25). And I’ve done quite a few of those. on StudyLight.org What did I say about a massive attack of verbal diarrhea to try and cover up what is clear and concise? In one respect, this clearly teaches that the Sabbath is no longer a matter of law. “A study of the period from the death of Christ and the descent of the Spirit on Pentecost till the rapture of the church reveals most unmistakably that the Sabbath has been abolished.”14 Dispensationalists, however, are not the only ones to see it this way. https://versebyversecommentary.com/1-john/1-john-52b/ You need to make a distinction between the Mosaic law given to the nation Israel, such as the civil law (for a nation), ceremonial law such as the Sabbaths and the moral law, which every believer is obligated to keep because they are a reflection of God’s character. But most keep on singing the company song. At one extreme are scholars who find it unbiblical, such as Karlberg: Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 5:38-48 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Earlier, Jesus said, “Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets; I have come not to abolish but to fulfill” (5:17). As one of the Ten Commandments, Sabbath keeping is usually considered part of the moral law. The context must determine its usage. Theological Explanation. Plowing and reaping were to cease (Exod 34:21). Chris, you said, ” Not all the words in all languages of the world can change the truth about a matter.” He who will not be convinced against his will is of the same opinion still. Instead, believers are to be filled with the Spirit, praising the Lord and giving thanks to Him (Ephesians 5:18–20). .. regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths” (Col 2:16).45 These are no longer requirements for the New Testament believer, although freedom is given about doing so (Romans 14:1-10f. Point people to Christ, not interpretations of his teachings. It does not, however, govern more than Israel. It is not so much that Christ fulfills what the temple means; rather Christ is the meaning for which the temple existed. The law makes no such distinction when arranging its commands. Romans 2:13 For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified. Read Introduction to Matthew “ For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.” 5:18. If Sabbath observance is a distinguishing mark of Israel but not of the church, the church cannot be Israel. The abrogation of Sabbath law testifies to this fact. Scriptures emphatically will exist until the end of time. condemnation had glory, the ministry of righteousness exceeds much more in glory. JODT 11:32 (March 2007) p. 91 Third, distinguish the universal principle behind the specific command. 6 The one who observes the day, does it for the Lord. Judges 5:18 - 'Zebulun was a people who despised their lives even to death, And Naphtali also, on the high places of the field. Matthew 5:18 Amplified Bible (AMP). Speaking for a consortium of seven, non-dispensational scholars, D. A. Carson comes to essentially the same conclusion: “We are not persuaded that the New Testament unambiguously develops a ‘transfer theology,’ according to which the Sabbath moves from the seventh day to the first day of the week.”15 One of the most beloved passages in the New Testament is Matthew 11:28-30. Israel is the beneficiary, but the focus is on what the Lord does and why. In the twenty-first century, dispensationalism faces challenges from two opposing poles within evangelicalism. Conversely, non-moral laws are generically explained as foreshadowing some New Testament “realization.” Otherwise, they are ignored as no longer applicable.36 This also creates a problem: Is the interpreter free to ignore large portions of inspired text? I do not view myself a theologian but as an expositor-exegete. Required fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Designed by Elegant Themes In fact, breaking the law is a sin: 1 John 3:4 Whoever sins is guilty of breaking God’s law because sin is a breaking of the law. If the Sabbath law is nullified, then all the law is nullified. Jesus contrasts His view of Scripture with that of religious leaders. Matthew 18:6; Matthew 18:9) extends it to children in spirit. At best, Paul had moments of clarity. But circumcision was not required for those who came to faith in Jesus in the New Testament. The Hebrew term גֵּר (gēr) refers to a foreigner, a resident alien. On it, no one in Israel (Jew, slave, resident alien, or even animal) was to do any work (Exod 20:10; Deut 5:14). As Jesus said, he didn’t come to annul the law but to keep it. At the end of Malachi 2, Israel complained that God seemed to reward the wicked and did not exercise His justice in the world. I wonder why? (9-16) The respect to be paid to elders. Though abolished at this time, the Sabbath has a future. How much simpler and more natural it is to understand Ezekiel as describing an actual building! Follow the Word of God (usually in red print). He had reverted to Judaistic teaching with their legalism. The only part of the Mosaic law which was written in stones was the Ten Commandments — that category which some designate as the moral part of the law. “When the New Testament repeats a law it thus becomes a commandment for believers, to be obeyed as a command of Christ. Here is what the yod looks like: י and here is the difference between the marks of the tittle in two Hebrew letters: ה and ח. You have obviously not read true scholarship of either expositors, exegetes or the theologians. At the cross? Hag 2:3). 15:32–36).35 I am very thankful, it helps me to finally understand with more clarity since my church has changed from Saturday to Sunday. For example, the word “law” has many lexical usages, the moral law, ceremonial law, civil law, and it sometimes refers to Scripture itself (Mt 5:19). There are things in the law that have been set aside, however. application to it. Thus, the Sabbath commandment does govern more than Jews. (18-20) Joseph gives the terms for their release from prison. But Jesus saw them with different eyes than the disciples did. Perhaps the clearest example of this in the New Testament is found in 1 Corinthians 9:9, where Paul used a Mosaic command about oxen to demonstrate that those in ministry ought to receive material support. Chris, I hope people do read the context of Colossians 2, even the argument of the entire book, because it rejects outright what you propose. Implication. Depending on God (James 1:5–18) Listening, Taking Action, and Avoiding Anger (James 1:19–21) Doers of the Word: Working for Those in Need (James 1:22–27) Discriminating Against the Poor and Currying Favor with the Rich (James 2:1–13) Faith and Work(s) (James 2:14–26) Taming the … This is the second “until” clause in this verse, and the repetition indicates strong emphasis. Matthew uses the word “heaven” as a euphemism for God’s name, to accommodate his Jewish readers’ sensitivities (23:22). Was he at the last supper? What is clear and “straightforward” is that you do not have the capacity to interpret the Bible as it is, rather than reading your interpretation into the text (eisegesis). JODT 11:32 (March 2007) p. 85 References to that future occur in Isaiah 66:23 and Matthew 24:20, but the most complete information comes from Ezekiel 36—46. Third, the eastern gate of the Temple’s inner court will be kept shut during the week, but on the Sabbath, it is to be opened (46:1). For example, Hodge argued, “the precepts of the decalogue bind the Church in all ages; while the specific details contained in the books of Moses, designed to point out the way in which the duty they enjoined was then to be performed, are no longer in force.”23 Heaven and earth as they now are, are transitory. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) << 1 Timothy 4 | 1 Timothy 5 | 1 Timothy 6 >> (Read all of 1 Timothy 5) Complete Concise Chapter Contents. Theologians love the steps; the more, the better. The Sabbath is the only one of the Ten Commandments not repeated to the church; thus, the New Testament does not assign any present Being Filled With The Spirit. Ezek 20:12, 20). JODT 11:32 (March 2007) p. 86 Others, in their zeal to defend their system, go even further, ignoring the law altogether, describing it only in negative terms,38 or refusing to apply any command not explicitly repeated in the New Testament.39 While intended to prevent legalism, this approach tends Charles Haddon Spurgeon (1834-1892) was called to pastor the New Park Street Chapel, London, when he was only nineteen.This church became the 6,000 seat Metropolitan Tabernacle, which he pastored until his death at age 58. Unfortunately, many dispensationalists follow the traditional approach without considering its theological implications. Most of this, if not all, will be too straight-forward and clear for you. In the New Testament, participation in Sabbath rest is an option, but no longer a requirement. Your ignorance is amazing. Dispensationalism as Biblical and Practical The command is given only to Israel and is contextually linked to the exodus from Egypt, an event affecting only Israel: “You were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there by a mighty hand and an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day” (Deut 5:15). Jesus was always about his Father whose will he said he always did and who directed all his actions and words and who (the Father) was greater than he (Jesus). Indeed, one can question whether that principle is even an ethical one. As already demonstrated, most covenant theologians distinguish moral from non-moral laws.33 This classification dictates their application. letters were very similar, a slight change would often very greatly vary the sense. Israel, in contrast, is as dead and helpless as scattered dry bones. In light of the preceding, one basic way for the Christian to apply the Sabbath is to regard his time as given and regulated by the Lord. Implication. Breaking the Sabbath was tantamount to treason, a capital offense (Exod 31:14–15; Numb 15:32–35). The New Revised Standard Version makes the sense even clearer: “set aside.” Thus, the law with its glory is set aside—not just the law, but the portion specific “written and engraved on stones.” Ryrie noted the significance of this phrase: Whatever its motive or effect, this approach tends to treat the Mosaic code not just as terminated law, but as expired Scripture, inspired texts with no message for the current dispensation. It does not mean the same time fail matthew 5:18 studylight accomplishment while the world tip hat! “ the law. ” Paul is the Sabbath to show that dispensationalism to! The word of God ’ s going off almost all the laws that pertain to her when he ruin. 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Differences in the church is not Israel Lord and his opponents saw the law: those who came to in! Breed with another kind sun worship, https: //versebyversecommentary.com/books/introduction-to-john/, grant 's Logos...