Medical Terminology in a Flash! List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes 1 List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology. B. joins two medical terms together. There are three main combinations of words in medical terminology, notes the National Cancer Institute. Roots 2. The fol­low­ing is an al­pha­bet­i­cal list of med­ical pre­fixes and suf­fixes, along with their mean­ings, ori­gin, and Eng­lish ex­am­ples. Medical terms always end with a suffix.3The suffix usually indicates a specialty, test, procedure, function, condition/disorder, or status. Medical terms always end with a suffix. For example, “pericarditis” means “inflammation of the outer layer of the heart.” The three parts of this term are: peri – card – itis. If you are just getting started learning medical terminology, prefixes and suffixes are a good launching point. The endings -a, -e, -um, and -us are commonly used to turn a word into a singular noun (e.g. A commonly used suffix is -itis, which means “inflammation.” When this suffix is paired with the prefix arthro-, meaning joint, the resulting word is arthritis, an inflammation of the joints. The suffix, always at the end of a word, usually indicates a procedure, a condition, or a disease. A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  Pin, denoting something as different, or as an addition, denoting something as positioned on both sides, describing both of two, pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion), describing something as positioned in front of another thing, describing something as "against" or "opposed to" another, indicating "short or less commonly "little", of or pertaining to the cilia, the eyelashes, eyelids, applied to processes and parts of the body describing them likened or similar to horns, of or relating to the hip, haunch, or hip joint, duodenum, twelve: upper part of the small intestine, connects to the stomach, denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part; resection, excision, denotes something as "inside" or "within", of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins, use to form adjectives indicating "having the form of", denotes the sense "born in, from" or "of a certain kind", denotes something as "the other" (of two), as an addition, or different, denotes something as "the same" as another or common, denotes something as "extreme" or "beyond normal", of or pertaining to medicine, or a physician, denotes a field in medicine of a certain body component, of or pertaining to the ischium, the hip joint, of or pertaining to the abdomen wall, flank, of or pertaining to the larynx, the lower throat cavity where the voice box is, denotes someone who studies a certain field, denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field, pertaining to conditions or instruments of the uterus, denoting something as small, or relating to smallness, of or pertaining to nerves and the nervous system, gullet (passage of food from mouth to stomach), denoting something as "having little or few", of or pertaining to the navel or umbilicus, of or pertaining to the nail of a finger or toe, of or relating to chemical properties of the eye, denoting something as straight or correct, denoting something as "complete" or containing "everything", indicates papulosity, a small elevation or swelling in the skin, a pimple, swelling, denotes something relating to digestion or the digestive tract, position "surrounding" or "around" another, conditions relating to eating or ingestion, of or pertaining to the pharynx, the upper throat cavity, denotes something as "after" or "behind" another, denotes something as "first" or "most important", falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse, of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain, denoting something "split" or "double sided", of or pertaining to the spine, the vertebra, denoting something as "full of scales" or "scaly", "narrow in shape" or pertaining to narrowness, of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest, the area above the breast and under the neck, indicates similarity, likeness, or being together, denoting something as fast, irregularly fast, denoting something as "relating to a woman, feminine", of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood, denoting something as moving or situated "across" or "through", of or pertaining to hair, hairlike structure, of or pertaining to the navel, the umbilicus, of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, chemistry of urine, of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, of or pertaining to the belly, the stomach cavities, of or pertaining to the internal organs, the viscera, denoting a yellow color, an abnormally yellow color, Medical References and Resources for Caregivers, From List of Medical Prefixes and Suffixes to Home, https://www.translationdirectory.com/glossaries/glossary328.php, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medical_roots,_suffixes_and_prefixes. 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